How to Grow and Care for Jasmine Plant?

How to Grow and Care for Jasmine Plant?

Jasmine

If you are looking for a plant that smells fabulous in your home, jasmine is the best choice for you. Jasmine plant blooms vibrant fragrant flowers during its growing season that are used for decorative purposes. It also has major application in cosmetic and pharma industry to treat several beauty problems like dark spots, pimples, and oily skin. Here in this article, we will let you know about how to grow and care for jasmine plants.

Jasmine is an evergreen flowering shrub that is native to tropical warm temperate regions of Australia, Asia, Europe, and China. They are available as erect, vines, climbers, and spreaders in white, yellow color flowers. Flowers are in clusters ranging from 4-9 petals depending on the variety.

Jasmine is a popular flower that is cultivated worldwide for its unique fragrance. It is sold out as ornamental or decorative plants by the farmers resulting in huge profits. For its sweet-scented flavor, jasmine flower petals are crushed and used in many commercial beauty products like powders, soaps, oils, face creams, body lotions, scents and fragrant sprays.

Read on to know more about jasmine plants.

Jasmine Varieties

Jasmine is a tropical plant that has more than 200 species cultivated worldwide for its myriad uses. Most of these jasmine varieties are seen in white and some other species being pink and yellow color. Some varieties can be grown as indoors, ground covers, climbers, walls, and trellis. Here is the list of some popular jasmine varieties that you can grow easily at home.

S. No Variety Specification
1 Asian star jasmine Large dense leaves, small pale yellow flowers
2 Arabic jasmine Evergreen fragrant flowers, 5-6 feet tall, used for tea
3 Italian jasmine Dense mounded shape, 10 feet wide
4 Prime rose jasmine Large yellow color flowers, 2-3 inches in diameter
5 Winter jasmine 4-7 feet tall and wide, yellow flowers, blooms in winter
6 Spanish jasmine Royal Catalonian jasmine, white flowers, frost-free areas
7 Showy jasmine Bloom in spring, semi-evergreen shrubs
8 Night blooming jasmine Greenish-white flowers, intoxicating fragrance at night
9 Coral jasmine 6 white petals with red center, Kalpavriksha (in Hindu myths)
10 Orange jasmine Orange like fragrance, white flowers, multi-trunked shrub

Some other popular jasmine varieties that you can grow at home indoors worldwide are given below…

  • Jasmine adenophyllum
  • Jasmine angustifolium
  • Jasmine azoricum
  • Jasmine dispermum
  • Jasmine elegans
  • Jasmine floridum
  • Jasmine fruiticans
  • Jasmine grandiflorum
  • Jasmine humile
  • Jasmine malabaricum
  • Jasmine mesnyi
  • Jasmine multiflorum
  • Jasmine nervosum
  • Jasmine nobile
  • Jasmine officinale
  • Jasmine polyanthum
  • Jasmine sambac
  • Jasmine simplicifolium
  • Jasmine sinese
  • Jasmine subhumile
  • Jasmine urophyllum
  • Jasmine volubile

Jasmine Plant Information

Scientific Name                       :        Jasminum

Origin                                        :      Himalayas

Soil                                             :       pH between 4.9-8.3

Sunlight                                    :       Bright light

Plant Height                            :      10-15 feet

USDA Zone                              :        6-10

Flowers                                     :       White, pink, yellow

Temperature                            :      60-75F

Fertilizers                                 :      High phosphorus content

Harvesting Time                     :      Spring season

How to Grow Jasmine in Pot Indoors

Here are some possible factors that will definitely help you to grow jasmine plants with seeds in your home with much care. Let’s get started…

  • You must select the desired jasmine variety to grow in your home before you plant it in a pot. It’s better to buy them from a nursery store or order the seeds online.
  • Now place the seeds in a pot containing well-drain fertile soil with pH ranging from 4.9 to 8.3. The pot size should be of 12 inches both wider and depth with drainage holes at the bottom.
  • The seedlings may develop within 2 weeks and you can start watering in small amounts. Water jasmine plant from the bottom to keep the soil wet but not soggy.
  • When you provide the right growing conditions for jasmine grows quickly. They like to grow in bright sunlight. For indoors, make sure it is planted near window location to receive sunlight for 6 hours a day.
  • The plant thrives and reaches to a particular height (say 4-6 feet) you can start fertilizing jasmine.
  • Jasmine flowers bloom mostly in the spring season and are available in white, yellow and pink colors.
  • As jasmine plants bloom flowers they need to be pollinated. They attract honey bees, butterflies and other insects with their sweet and strong fragrances of pollination purpose.
  • A high population of butterflies on jasmine attracts birds that in turn help to control harmful insects from spoiling the plant growth.
  • Pruning is best done after it bloom flowers which give time to mature the plant and flower early in the next growing season.
  • To prune jasmine firstly remove dead or diseased stems that no longer produce flowers. Use pruners or shears to cut the older stems and leaves to ensure new and better growth.
  • Repot the jasmine plant in the early fall season to bigger pots preferably at outdoors. When you repot the plant to outdoors, they require more amount of water to boost the growth. 

Pests and Diseases

Pests Diseases
Whiteflies Blight
Mealybugs Rust
Nematodes Fusarium wilt
Aphids Root rot
Caterpillars Powdery mildew
Spider mites Damping off
Honeybees Downey mildew
  • If your jasmine plants are prone to diseases, sanitize the pot with fresh soil for every 4-6 months to prevent fungus spores.
  • Use pesticides that give instant results when applied to plants. When you grow them for commercial purposes in croplands then it’s better to go for Neem oil, Insecticidal soaps or Baking soda to promote the plant health.
  • Jasmine plants are susceptible to chlorosis due to the lack of nutrients supplied to it.
  • During its growing season, fertilize the plant once in a month to bloom flowers. Sprinkle balanced liquid fertilizer rich in phosphorus content around the base of the plant.
  • Jasmine plants may produce flowers throughout its growing season. To bring those beautiful flowers to home indoors as decorative cut flowers, prune with a sharp knife.
  • For everlasting freshness of jasmine flowers, place them directly in a glass of water.

How to Grow Jasmine Plant Outdoors

Growing your own jasmine plants is the best way to produce more plants that do well in good environmental conditions. You can easily grow jasmine cuttings at outdoors without any effort in 2 different methods that are illustrated below…

Growing Jasmine from Cuttings

The success rate of growing jasmine from cuttings is too good than other growing methods. Best time to plant to jasmine cuttings is early spring or summer season. The best temperature to grow jasmine plant is 70F.

Now take a semi-hardwood jasmine stem which is very flexible to bend. Cut the stem about 6-8 inches With a sharp knife and remove all the leaves from the bottom (1/3rd) of the stem.  Place the stem in a rooting hormone and then insert the stem in a  fertile soil. Do not water too much at the beginning as the roots are not yet formed completely.

Within 4-6 weeks the root emerges out from the bottom of the stem and is ready to transplant in a sunny location. The plant matures and bloom flowers making an outdoor garden look beautiful.

Another way is to place the stem cutting directly in water than in soil. For rooting in water method, you just need to change the water for every couple by placing the entire setup near window location to receive sunlight for a minimum of 6-8 hours a day.

Growing Jasmine from Layering

To grow jasmine plants by layering method, firstly bend the branch in U-shape and remove the leaves near the node. Bend the stem to ground level and then cover it with a layer of soil. Put some weight so as not to move from the fixed position. Make sure the tip of the stem is slightly exposed to sunlight.

Water the plant a little so as to keep the soil moist. Roots may develop completely within 2-3 months time. Wait until the leaves establish and separate the new plant simply by placing in soil or landscape.

Jasmine Plant Care

Here are some useful caring tips that you should follow when you start growing jasmine plant at home indoors or outdoors.

  • Do not disturb the roots while fertilizing jasmine plants.
  • During summer or winter season, make use of mulch to protect the plant from extreme cool climatic conditions.
  • In summer season allow the soil to be moist and let it dry between 2 successive waterings.
  • Jasminum plants will not survive if the temperature drops below 40F during the cool winter season when planted indoors.
  • Wear protective face masks and gloves when you pesticides to control pests, can cause severe allergic reactions.
  • Do not over water jasmine plants as the roots absorb more water from the ground level and result in root rot disease.

Is jasmine a perennial or annual?

Jasmine is an evergreen perennial flowering plant that grows throughout the year in the USDA regions of 6-10. You don’t actually need to replant the jasmine in every growing season when they settle in the moist rich soil to thrive.

Can you keep jasmine indoors?

Not all jasmine varieties bloom flowers but can do well in room indoors. For this, you just need a small pot of 6-inch size with moist soil provided with sunlight to bloom white flowers. The sweet scent produced by the fragrant flowers makes you feel stress-free and refreshed.

Why is jasmine plant not flowering?

Though your jasmine plant looks healthy with lustrous green foliage, it may not bloom flowers. It is due to the lack of feeding the plants with water and fertilizers rich in nitrogen and phosphorus. So apply the fertilizers that jasmine plants love to absorb nutrients from them and bloom flowers quickly. Prune the jasmine plant when it stops blooming fragrant flowers.

Do jasmine plants need full sun?

When you grow jasmine in pots, prefer them to plant in a warm location. Most of the jasmine varieties prefer full sun to partial shade with well-drain fertile soil. They cannot tolerate and may even die in extreme hot and cold conditions.

How often do you water jasmine plant?

Water jasmine plants immediately after planting in soil. Water the plant daily (early morning) in small amounts or weekly in huge amounts (2 inches per week). Make sure the soil is completely dry before you water the plant. 

What are jasmine companion plants?

Companion planting is done to improve the soil fertility, deter pests and for flowering & fruiting purposes. Jasmine companion plants will have the same soil, sunlight and water requirements are benefitted in the same way. They love to grow along with beans, corns, clematis, gardenia and honeysuckle vines.

Can star jasmine grow in shade?

Star jasmine or trachelopermum jasminoide is a flowering plant native to East Asian countries. They have white, pink and yellow color flowers that grow in full sun to partial shade. Mostly the fragrant star jasmine plants do well in full shade growing conditions.

Why does jasmine flowers bloom at night?

jasmine plant produces a flower inducing hormone called florigen (a flower generating) in its leaves when exposed to the direct sunlight. It transfers and accumulates the florigen hormone from the leaves to the flowering shoots during the daytime and thereby inducing beautiful fragrant flowers at night.

Why are jasmine plant leaves turning yellow?

Yellowing of jasmine leaves and foliage is due to the soil pH levels, improper watering and nutrient deficiency problems. Sometimes it can also be due to pests and diseases that affect the growth of jasmine plants.

For more information refer: Why are my plants turning yellow?

Is jasmine plant toxic to pets?

Jasmine plants are not toxic to dogs, cats and horses unless they injected the plant edible parts like leaves and flowers. It results in some negative side effects like vomiting, diarrhea and allergic reactions.

Jasmine Benefits

Jasmine is a popular flower that has a strong, sweet and aromatic fragrance that blooms mostly at night. It is mostly associated with romance, love and will even make your smile more beautiful. Here are some possible benefits of jasmine that you should know…

Jasmine herbal tea: Jasmine buds are added along with the leaves to give a natural flavor to the tea. This seals the health benefits completely and serves to a great extent. 

Jasmine tea has unique aroma and taste that has many beneficial qualities that help to reduce stress, heart attack and improves the digestive system. Dinking jasmine tea helps to increase the metabolism and makes the body to absorb nutrients quicker.

Skin care: Jasmine essential oil helps to treat dry, brittle or dehydrated skin. It is not good to use on cracked and open wounds on the skin which results in severe allergic reactions. It is also used in the treatment of eczema and dermatitis.

Relieves depression: The oil extracted from jasmine flowers has a pleasant aroma that boosts your mood and fight against depression. It makes the person feel happy and awakens the romantic feelings by stimulating hormones in the body.

Reduces a cough: When you are suffering from a severe cough and cold, relieves instantly by clearing the accumulation of phlegm in the respiratory tracts and help you sleep better.  

How to Grow and Care for Jasmine Plant?

Follow our articles to gain more stuff about gardening ideas and makes your outdoor garden look gorgeous. If you have amazing ideas about growing jasmine plants, please share your experience with us in the comment section given below.

Recommended Readings:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *