- 1 Garlic- Allium Sativum
- 2 Companion Plants:
- 3 Garlic Varieties:
- 4 Nutrition Value:
- 5 How to Grow Garlic from Seeds in Pots?
- 6 Growing Garlic from a Clove
- 7 Precautions
- 8 Health Benefits
Garlic- Allium Sativum
Garlic is closely relative to onions, shallots, and chives. It is originated from central Asia and is cultivated worldwide by farmers for its commercial applications. Garlic bulb, scape, and leaves are used as both food flavoring and in traditional medicine.
When you go supermarket to buy garlic you won’t find organically grown garlic. They are just made by using harmful toxins that damage your health. Instead, you can grow garlic in your home. It is quite easy and simple process to grow them under suitable conditions.
Companion planting is a great way to improve health and flavor of garden plants without using harmful chemicals. Garlic needs little space and full sun to thrive faster. Because of its ever-lasting benefits, garlic love to grow along with beets, spinach, potatoes, carrots, broccoli, eggplants, tomatoes, peppers, cauliflowers and flowering plants include roses, marigolds, nasturtiums.
There are some plants that actually spoil the growth of garlic when planted with them. Keep peas, beans, sage, parsley, and asparagus away from it as there may be chances of affecting viral infections to the plants.
There are 100’s of varieties classified based on no of cloves in a bulb with the hard and soft neck. Most of these varieties can be grown all parts of the world with some special qualities. Here is the list of garlic varieties and its specification…
|S. No||Garlic Variety||Category||Specification|
|1||Purple stripe||Hard neck||Tall and thin cloves with 8-10 per bulb|
|2||Porcelain||Hard neck||Single layer with 7-10 cloves per bulb|
|3||Rocambole||Hard neck||Loose wrappers, single layer with 6-10 cloves|
|4||Silverskin||Soft neck||Mild flavor, small cloves with small and thin skins|
|5||Artichoke||Soft neck||3 layers of cloves and 12-15 cloves per bulb|
On serving 100 grams of garlic contains 149 calories in it. Garlic is an excellent source of manganese, copper, selenium, phosphorus, calcium, vitamin B6 and vitamin C. it also contains antioxidants like allyl cysteine, allicin, lipoic acid to cure several health problems.
How to Grow Garlic from Seeds in Pots?
You can start growing different garlic varieties in the container indoors. Planting indoors limits the garlic exposure to pests and diseases. Garlic plant requires proper care and right conditions to thrive.
Choose a Variety:
Select a bulb variety that you would like to grow in your home. You can easily get those bulbs from nursery or store. Take a bulb and separate cloves by holding flat end facing down and pointed end facing up or you can start from garlic seeds.
Pot & Soil:
choose a pot that is 8 inches deep and has holes at the bottom for drainage. If you wish to plant more garlic seeds then prefer large container. Prepare the soil by mixing it with potting soil and gardening sand in the ratio of 3:1. Fill the container with the soil leaving an inch at the top.
Water & Sunlight:
Kitchen windowsill is the great place to store the container. Water the growing garlic seeds to keep the soil moist and place it in direct sunlight 8 hours a day. Maintain the Best temperature 50 F to grow garlic. When the plant matures it grows to a height of 4 feet and produces hermaphrodite flowers that are pollinated by bees & other insects.
|S. No||Element||Deficiency Symptom|
|1||Nitrogen||Yellowish green leaves, curled, wrinkled|
|2||Phosphorus||Slow growth, light green color leaves, and dried petals|
|3||Potassium||Dark green and erected leaves|
|5||Manganese||Leaf tip burns, light color and curling|
|6||Iron||Yellowing of young leaves, interveinal chlorosis|
Pests & Diseases
|Pests||Onion thrips, aphids, mites, nematodes, leaf miners|
|Diseases||Downy mildew, purple blotch, root rot|
To overcome pests problem spray organic insecticides and for disease problem use disease-free planting material. You can also opt for fertilizers. Fertilize garlic either by side dressing or broadcasting over the entire bed. Garlic plants love to fertilize with high garlic that contains blood meal or synthetic source of nitrogen. You can also prefer organic matter such as compost, manure or N-P-K fertilizers in the ratio of 10-10-10 to thrive garlic plants faster.
Harvesting time depends on weather conditions and the time of planting. It generally takes 8-10 months to harvest bulbs that begin to die and turn brown. To harvest bulbs, carefully lift them with garden spade or fork. Remove dirt and trim off leaves and roots. Now you can store for months in cool, dry areas.
Growing Garlic from a Clove
Garlic thrives best in the winter season when you start with few cloves from each bulb. It is the easy and inexpensive way to propagate garlic that has intensive aromatic properties. It’s important to pick large bulbs to separate cloves. Take garlic cloves and place the tip facing upward in a rich fertile soil about 2 inches deep. Spacing should be 8 inches between each clove. Cover the cloves with mulch such as hay, dry leaves or grass clippings. Water the cloves a little and allow it in sunlight to germinate quickly. As the plant begins to grow scapes (long green stalks) emerges pinch off the leaves. Harvest when it turns yellow or brown color.
- Water regularly to keep the soil moist but not wet.
- Don’t keep in the refrigerator as it promotes root sprouting.
- Harvest garlic only when the plant leaves matures and turns brown.
- Keep children and pets (dogs, cats) away from the spoilage of plants.
- Use gloves to pull off scapes otherwise, the hands may smell of garlic for days.
- Wear gardening tools like gloves, masks, and shoes when you fertilize the garlic plants.
- Make sure the container has holes at the bottom for proper drainage and air circulation in plants.
Cancer: The anti-cancer properties of garlic like organosulfur compounds reduce the risk of cancer cell formation in your body. It is also used to cure several cancers like stomach, colon, esophagus, breast, and pancreas.
Bone health: Recent studies show that it minimizes the bone loss by increasing estrogen levels in females. It is also beneficial for osteoarthritis patients and detoxifies heavy metals in your body when taken in right quantities.
Heart disease: Garlic contains antioxidants like Allicin, a lipoic acid that helps to lower bad LDL cholesterol by 15%. It also helps to treat many cardiovascular and metabolic diseases that include atherosclerosis, hyperlipidemia, and thrombosis.
Blood pressure: Garlic controls high blood pressure. Taking aged garlic extract capsules daily for 3 months cause blood pressure to drop by an average of 10 points. It is mainly prescribed for the patients suffering from hypertension. It also promotes the widening of blood vessels and results in the reduction of blood pressure.
Boosts immune: Consuming garlic is the best way to boost your immune system. It eliminates the cold, free-radicals and harmful toxins in your body. Raw garlic can be placed on wounds to stop spreading infections.
Side Effects: It is the most common ingredient in cooking recipes for flavoring. Eating raw garlic is possibly safe when taken in small amounts and may result in few side effects when consumed excess…
Start growing garlic from seeds in a pot or large container that monitors your health. If you have amazing ideas about growing garlic in your home, please share your experience with us.