You must be wondering to know about growing sweet, juicy tangerines in your home. Growing it in your home has many applications in health, cooking and gardening. These tangerines or citrus tangerina is an orange color fruit that is native to sub-tropical regions. Most of these varieties are classified based on size, shape, taste and growing areas. Tangerines are self-fertile, slightly soft and heavy in size. It has very thin peels and can split into segments. Peak season to grow tangerines is autumn and early spring. Here are some important factors that gives an idea about growing and care for tangerines…
Tangerines Nutrition: Tangerines are small aromatic citrus fruits with a good source of dietary fiber, carbohydrates, proteins, fats and anti-oxidants. It also contains vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin D, calcium, magnesium and iron.
Companion plants: Companion planting is a great way to improve your tangerines. Tangerines love to grow with nasturtium, marigolds, lemon balm, parsley and peas as they repel harmful insects like aphids and caterpillars.
|S. No||Tangerine varieties||Maturity||Specification|
|1||Mandarin||March- June||Rough rind with flesh deep orange|
|2||Dancy||December- January||Peel deep red color|
|3||Sunburst||Nov- January||Bright red peel and flesh color|
|4||Murcott||January- March||Sweet juicy yellowish orange peel|
How to Grow Tangerines from Seeds?
Pot & Soil: Choose a citrus variety i.e. mandarin or dancy (dwarf variety) of your choice to grow in your particular area. Place seeds in a pot containing potting mix soil with neutral ph between 6 & 7.
Water & Sunlight: Water them on daily basis until you find seedlings. Do not over water at the time of seed germination. Under sustainable conditions seed germinates within 2 weeks. Prefer a warm or sunny location to grow tangerines. Best temperature to grow tangerines is 55 F. When tangerine seedlings are 4 inch tall transplant it to larger pots or outdoors.
|S. No||Element||Deficiency Symptoms|
|1||Nitrogen||Light green to yellow foliage|
|2||Potassium||Small fruits with bronzing of foliage|
|3||Phosphorus||Fruits with thick rinds|
|4||Magnesium||Yellowish green at the base of leaf|
|5||Iron||Dark green veins and yellowing of interveinal areas|
Pests & Diseases
|Citrus Whitefly||Greasy Spot|
|Spider Mites||Powdery Mildew|
|Slugs & Snails||Brown Spot|
To control pests and diseases problem remove the leaves that are prone to insects and dead. It may not solve completely but reduces the risk of affecting plants. You can also prefer natural insecticides to overcome pest problem.
Fertilizers: Tangerines are heavy feeders and require regular fertilizing once in every 2 months. During 1st feed the plant with N-P-K fertilizers in the ratio of 2-1-1 and increase the ratio during 2nd year. You can also use organic fertilizers such as compost manure or homemade (baking soda, Epsom salt, egg shells & coffee grounds) to overcome deficiency issues and other problems.
Harvesting: Harvest tangerine fruit when it is fully ripe during winter and early spring season. It takes 3-4 years for tangerine plants to produce juicy fruits or may depend on its varieties. Cut the fruit from the tree at the stem with hand pruners. Freshly picked tangerines lasts for 2 weeks when stored in room temperature or refrigerator. Do not place them in plastic bags as they can form molds and spoil the fruits.
Growing Tangerines form Cuttings
Its fun, easy and an inexpensive way to propagate tangerines from stem cuttings than growing from tangerine seeds. It takes less time for the plant to mature and harvest. Take a desired stem of tangerine variety about 6 inches tall. Place the stem in a jar or glass filled with water. Change water for every 2-3 days to sprout the roots quickly. After few weeks root develops and now you can place it in a pot containing moist or well drain fertile soil about 2-3 inches deep. Water the plant regularly and place it in sunlight to bloom faster. Within few weeks plant matures and you can transplant it to outdoors. Provide nutrients to the plants to encourage better growth and also to produce sweet tangerines.
Precautions | Tips
- Harvest the tangerine fruits only when ripe that tastes sweeter.
- Cut short, weak, broken and dead leaves and stems from spoilage.
- You can fertilize the plant only when the plant mature or reaches to a height of 1feet.
- Pinch off the young leaves or leaf buds in winter or spring to establish new and quick growth.
- Make sure that the pot has enough holes at the bottom for air circulation and proper drainage.
- During harvesting time wear safety goggles, shoes and protective masks to prevent from injuries.
- While using fertilizers for plant growth, keep them away from children as it can cause severe health problems and pets (dogs and cats) cause great damage to the plants.
Citrus or tangerines are mostly essential for those who need to overcome and prevent micro-nutrient deficiencies, obesity and diet related issues. Here are some health issues that tangerines can cure…
Cancer: Tangerines reduces the risk of certain cancers like esophageal, stomach, breast and pancreatic. Citrus essential oil helps to speed up the healing process. For this you need to massage with citrus oil on the affected areas frequently.
Brain function: Flavonoids in citrus fruits helps to breakdown the cells in nervous system. They also help to protect against the chain of events that cause nervous system to deteriorate. Recent studies show that citrus juice boosts the brain function in adults.
Heart health: A recent studies show that high intake of vitamin C from freshly juiced oranges prevents bad LDL cholesterol and triglycerides in your body. It is also low in saturated fats and cholesterol that reduces the risk of heart disease.
Kidney stones: Kidney stones may form due to the high amounts of stone forming minerals in your body. Drinking citrus juices having natural potassium citrate supplements in it may lower the risk of kidney stones.
Blood pressure: The presence of powerful antioxidant like anthocyanin in Tangerines reduces hypertension and lowers the blood pressure.
Side effects: When you eat citrus fruits in excess amounts, the greater fiber content can affect the…..
- Digestive problems
- Kidney stones
Start growing Tangerines from seeds in a large container that produces tasty fruits and monitors your health. If you have amazing ideas about growing Tangerines in your home, please share your experience with us.