Dracaena is a plant that grows well at both offices and residences. It not only looks beautiful but also eliminates the harmful toxins like benzene, xylene and formaldehyde from the atmosphere. Place the plant in your home where it can do the best by providing suitable growing conditions. Marginata plants need lot of care to when you start growing them from in pots at home.
Other names: Madagascar dragon tree, red edge dracaena, dragon blood tree
How to Grow Dracaena Marginata in Pots?
To grow dracaena plants at home consider the the following factors…
- Choose a dracaena plant variety you wish to grow.
- Prepare well drain soil and place them in a pots.
- Allow the plant to get sufficient water and sunlight.
- Do pruning and repotting the dracaenas if necessary.
- Fertilize the plant with organic matter to ensure fast and better growth.
Pot & Soil: Before starting select a dracaena variety such as Sanderiana, Draco, Cinnabari, Fragrans and Deremensis that you wish to grow at home. Choose a pot of size 6-8 inches and check the soil pH before planting. Fill the pot with well-drain or slightly acidic soil with pH 6.0-6.5.
Water & sunlight: Plant dracaena plants when the frost has passed. They grow well in warm climatic conditions and water regularly to provide sufficient nutrients to the plants. When root develops you can increase the amount of water supply to the plants. Allow the plant to get sufficient sunlight for a minimum of 8 hours a day. Plant grows well when you maintain the temperature is between 65-90 F and poorly if it drops below 60 F.
Pruning: You may notice the signs of bottom of the cane turning brown and becomes dry. Prune marignata plants when it is actively growing in spring season. Pinch off the leaf tips or stems using scissors and dispose them outside to ensure fast growth by establishing new shoots. You can also remove the foliage which is above the soil and water the plant a little to recover quickly from pruning.
|S. No||Element||Deficiency symptom|
|1||Nitrogen||Older leaves turn pale or yellowish-green|
|2||Phosphorus||Purplish coloration of young leaves|
|3||Potassium||Leaf margins become yellow and brown|
|4||Sulfur||Young leaves become yellow|
|5||Zinc||Interveinal chlorosis on upper leaves|
Pests & Diseases
|Spider mites||Leaf spot|
|Mealy bugs||Powdery mildew|
Fertilizers: Feed the plant with fertilizers in spring and summer season. Fertilize the plants twice in a month with organic content. Fertilize the plant with water- soluble such as liquid N-P-K in the ratio of 3-1-2 with the traces of zinc, sodium, magnesium, copper and iron. You also use organic matter or Neem oil, insecticidal soaps to deter pests and disease problems.
How to Propagate Dracaena from Cuttings?
Propagating Dieffenbachia from cuttings is easy to grow outdoors. You can use this method by selecting mature stems at moderate room temperature conditions. Each stem has the ability to develop roots from the base and new shoots emerge from tips. This method is mostly suitable for landscaping purpose and mostly prefers from cuttings i.e. by placing cuttings in water and in soil.
Rooting in soil: For rooting in soil method, take stem cuttings of size 12 inches. Trim off the bottom leaves to prevent from bacterial and fungal diseases. Before planting the stem prepare soil by adding mulches or organic matter to it. Water the plant a little and care for it by providing sufficient nutrients to the plants. Within 2 weeks root develops and then you can place it in bigger pots.
Rooting in water: For this rooting in water method, take stem cuttings of certain height and place them in a jar or glass (1/3rd) of water. Provide sufficient sunlight for the cuttings and change the water in jar for every 5-7 days. Once the root develops you can transplant it to outdoors for faster growth and makes the landscape garden look beautiful.
Air layering: Air layering is one of the best way to get good sized dracaena from the parent plant. In this method you need to root the plant before cutting it from the parent plant. Cut (1/3rd) of the stem where you want new roots to grow. Now coat the root with rooting hormone and wrap it with damp moss. Cover it with plastic and secure it at the top & bottom with tape. New roots will establish and cut the rooted portion of the plant from the parent plant when the roots are 2-4 inches long.
How do you Care for a Dracaena Marginata?
- Wear gloves and face masks if you are dealing with fertilizers.
- Follow instructions & warning labels on fertilizers before applying them.
- Pot has enough holes at the bottom for air circulation and proper drainage.
- Make sure the dracaena plant receives minimum sunlight during day times.
- Wipe the leaves with cotton or damp cloth regularly to remove stains on it.
- Repotting is done in case of dracaena plants when the roots grow larger size.
- Spacing should be 12-15 inches between each plant when you prefer to grow at outdoors.
- Avoid usage of fluorides as the plants take too much of fluorides from the soil and may die.
- Keep children and pets (dogs & cats) away as they can’t tolerate toxins produced from the plants.
- Water the plant once in a week when matures and over watering may result the plants to root rot.
- Add mulches like dead leaves or ripen fruits and vegetables at the base of the plant to retain soil moisture levels.
What are the good companions for dracaenas?
Spathiphyllum, Ficus Benjamina, Pothos Marble Queen, chamaedorea palm, creeping fig, Philodendron and Dieffenbachia plants are good to plant with dracaenas. These plants help to improve the health by ensuring flowering, fruit setting and fast growth with a high yield. It is also done to control pests, pollination and maximizing the space by providing natural habitat.
Start growing dracaena marginata plants in pots or landscape at home that looks amazing in your garden. If you have wonderful ideas about growing dracaena plants, please share your experience with us.