Categories: Vegetable Garden

Pisum Sativum – Growing Peas and How to Harvest Peas Easily

Pea (Pisum Sativum) is an annual plant that grows as a cool season crop in many parts of the world.  They originate in Afghanistan and later spread to other parts of the countries like Pakistan, India, Europe, Turkey, and Syria. It is mostly available as green, golden yellow or purple color pod-shaped vegetables. The average pea seeds weigh about 0.1-0.36 grams.

Now the seeds can be planted as soon as the soil temperature reaches 50F at tropical climatic conditions. You can also plant it from winter to summer season depending upon the location.  These pea plants also suffer from pests, disease problem.

Pea seeds, leaves, and stems are boiled or steamed, which break down the cell walls and makes it tastier.  It is also mostly used in puddings, soups, pizza toppings, salads, sprout, tea and many other dishes.

For more information about peas plant, read the full-length article.

Peas Companions

Peas love to grow with beans, celery, carrot, Cucumbers, Corn, Eggplant, Radishes, Bell peppers, Spinach, Tomatoes, and Turnips. All these companions help to improve the growth of peas by providing enough nutrients to the plants. There are some plants like Onions, Garlic, Shallots, and Leeks that should not be planted with peas as they take up the all the nutrients supplied to peas when planted together in the soil.  It also diminishes the plant growth and may even die sometimes.

Peas Varieties

Most of these garden pea varieties are high resistance to powdery mildew disease. Some dwarf pea varieties grow up to 1 meter and others to a height of 2 meters with support. Here is the list of some popular pea types that you can grow and care easily at home indoors.

S.No Variety Specification
1 English peas Smooth texture, small round seed pods
2 Snow peas Small dots on flat pods, translucent
3 Sugar snap peas Cylindrical shape, crisp and edible seed pods
4 Sugar sprint Stringless pea, highly resistant to powdery mildew
5 Oregano giant Large podded snow pea, white-flower vines
6 Dwarf gray sugar Red blossoms shoots, reddish leaves and stems
7 Feisty pea Very sweet, medium-sized, 6-8 pods
8 Maestro Dark green pods,10-11  medium-sized peas
9 Little Marvel 7-8 Medium sized peas, grows on the vine
10 Lincoln Good heat tolerance, 7-8 large peas
11 Misty shell Short plants, 7-8 peas, high yields
12 Avalanche Dark green pods, sweet and tender
13 Sienna Short plants, 7-8 peas
14 Penelope Long fancy pods, 8-9 peas per pod

Peas Plant Growing Conditions

Name                                       :          Peas

Family                                     :          Fabaceae

Scientific Name                     :          Pisum sativum

Origin                                      :          South West Asia

Soil                                           :          Neutral with Ph 5.8 & 7

Sunlight                                   :          Full sun to partial shade

Germination time                  :         7-14 days

Plant Height                           :         3 feet

Temperature                          :         45F

Fertilizers                               :          N-P-K(5-10-10)

How to Grow Peas

Peas are relatively easy to grow at home indoors and outdoors. you just need a little care as they spread along vines and trellis at home or garden. Here are some factors that are responsible for the growth of peas are illustrated detailly….

Choose a location

To grow peas in pots, choose a good location where the pea plant can thrive quickly and bear the fruit. Most of the peas varieties grow well in warmer climates and also tolerant to shade conditions. Each of these pea varieties like English peas, sugar snap peas, and snow pea have different taste, may require different light, space and planting requirements.

Prepare seeds

Now before planting the seeds in a pot, soak the seeds in warm water one day before. Take out the seeds, clean with a damp towel and allow it to dry for some time. Small sprouts may appear on the peas seeds and plant it in pots before its growing season.

Pot and Soil

Purchase a pot of size 8-12 inches, which is made up of clay or ceramic. Fill the pot or container with soil by leaving 1-inch space at the top. The pot or container that you choose to grow peas plants should have holes to drain water completely at the bottom.

Use the soil, which is slightly acidic to neutral with pH between 5.8 – 7.0. If the soil is acidic nature add lime and for alkaline soil, add sulfur to make it neutral. Adding mulches (dead leaves, stems and ripen fruits, vegetables) to the soil (i.e. At the base of the plant) to improve the soil fertility and maintain the moisture levels.

Watering peas

Water peas plant once in every week in huge amounts. You can also water the peas daily in small amounts when you grow from seeds in pots. Allow the rich, fertile soil to drain completely between 2 successive waterings. It is very important to water the pea plant very carefully at the time of blossoming and producing pods.

These plants also prefer full sun to partial shade growing conditions. Some of these pea plant varieties can even tolerate in frost or cool conditions. When you maintain the temperature between 38-45F, the pea seeds germinate within 21-30 days and at 65-70F takes 7-14 days to sprout. Now the pea plant matures, establishes completely forming healthy leaves, stems, flowers and the pea fruit before the spring season.

Pests and Diseases of Peas

Pests Diseases
Leaf miners Asocochyta blight
Aphids Bacterial Blight
Beetles Root rot
Spider mites Powdery mildew
Thrips Damping off
Nematodes Downy mildew
Armyworms Fusarium wilt

Fertilizing pea plants

As peas are good foragers, they do not need too much of fertilizers. Generally, we fertilize the plant only when it matures grows to a certain height. But for pea plant, you need to add fertilizers before planting the seeds into the soil once in every 3 months. Use N-P-K fertilizer in the ratio of 5-10-10 over 100 square feet of the top 2-3 inches of your garden space.

You can also add organic compost or manure, Eggshells, Baking soda, and Epsom salt as it won’t hurt your peas plant. But feeding the pea plant with heavy dosage can spoil the plant growth, which results in the enlargement of leaves, seed pods, and the fruit.


Peas are ready to harvest approximately after 60-70 days. When you find the pea pods appears to be young swelling with round pea forms visible, they are ready for picking. You must carefully harvest the peas so as not to damage the peas plant growth. Harvest peas in early spring or fall season every day to produce the fruit vigorously.

How to Care for Peas?

Follow these 9 instructions to care for your pea plants at home starting from seeds or baby plant.

  • Rotate the pea crop for every 1-2 years, so as to prevent soil-borne diseases.
  • Make sure you use only well-drain, moist soil to grow Peas plant both at home and garden.
  • After harvesting store peas in the refrigerator for 5 days wrapped in paper bags or plastic.
  • For tall or vine peas varieties, use poles or trellis at the time of planting the seeds or baby plant.
  • Use naturally prepared Neem oil or insecticides to deter pests from damaging the pea plant crop.
  • Do not apply too much of fertilizers to the peas plants as it damages the plant growth and may die.
  • They do not stay fresh for a long time after harvest. So eat and enjoy the green peas as early as possible.
  • When you harvest peas, make use of 2 hands 1 for securing the vine and the other for pulling the peas off from the parent plant.
  • Peas do not like the heavy dosage of fertilizers but boost the plant growth when you make use of potassium and phosphorus. Adding compost or manure to the soil layer also improves the plant growth.

Why are peas plant leaves turning yellow?

When the peas plants are affected by diseases, then the leaves may turn yellow at the bottom of the plant. It is mainly due to the overwatering and by feeding the plant with heavy fertilizers. To overcome this problem place the plant in sunlight and also provide enough nutrients to the plants.

For more information refer: Why are my plants turning yellow?

Can you plant peas and beans together?

Peas and beans are the good companions and can grow best in a sunny spot with well-drain soil.  Planting them in raised garden beds keeps the pea seeds moist and germinates in cool weather conditions. It also warms the soil for the beans, which you plant it later. Both the peas and beans like moderately moist soil mixed with heavy fertilizers.

Can peas survive in frosty conditions?

Peas are a cool weather crop so they can withstand frost temperatures. The ideal temperature to grow peas is 55-70F although the seeds can germinate up to 28F. The pea plant cannot survive and spoils the growth if the temperature drops below 19F.

How often do you water pea plant?

Do not let the soil dry out when the peas are germinating, blooming and the pods that are swelling. Water the plant about (1/2) inch for every week until it blooms and also increase the amount of water supply to the plants gradually. Make sure you do not over water the pea plant as it may result in root rot disease and damage the plant growth.

How big do pea plants grow?

Most of the pea plant varieties like English peas, snow peas, dwarf sugar peas grow to a height of 3 feet tall. These plants also support climbing vines and are placed in the soil about 6 inches apart. To grow pea plants at home, they just need some sort of structure to support the plant growth.

Is peas plant poisonous for your pets?

The seeds of peas contain a mild poisonous compound like lathyrogens, which when consumed by your loving pets dogs and cats in huge amounts results in weakness, allergies, skin burns, lethargy, and vomiting.

Peas Health Benefits

Peas are considered as little powerhouses of nutrition and a very good source of carbohydrates, proteins, fats. It also contains dietary fiber, copper, phosphorus, niacin, choline, and folate. When you make peas a part of your diet per 100 grams it serves 14 grams of carbohydrates, 5 grams of dietary fiber and 6 grams of sugars. They are naturally cholesterol free and low in fats. Here are some major health benefits of peas when consumed to maintain a balanced diet.

  • As peas are low in fats, helps to maintain the weight.
  • It also prevents constipation in a woman, reduces bad cholesterol and improves the insulin resistance in your body.
  • The antioxidants in pea plants like flavonoids, carotenoids, and polyphenols help to boost the immune system and also prevents from arthritis, bronchitis, and wrinkles.
  • Anti-inflammatory properties of peas support healthy blood vessels by reducing the risk of homocysteine levels, which is a risk factor for heart disease.

Now you came to know about the peas plant; start growing these wonderful pea plant at home indoors & outdoors that benefits your health by providing enough nutrients to the body and also makes the garden look more beautiful. If you have amazing ideas about growing a pea plant, please share your experience with us in the comment section given below…

Swetha Datti

Published by
Swetha Datti

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