Bell Peppers in Containers
Bell pepper is also called as sweet pepper or capsicum annuum which is native to Mexico, America, Canada and Ireland. The plant produces fruits in different colors including red, yellow, green and orange. They are most widely used spicy content in the world. It adds both heat and flavor to your favorite dishes as it tastes hot and creamy but not aromatic. It sounds good if you start growing peppers in containers that guides your health and makes garden look beautiful.
Bell Peppers Nutrition: 100 grams of bell peppers contains 20 calories in it. Peppers are a rich source of vitamins, antioxidants, carbohydrates, proteins, fats and fiber. It also contains pantothenic acid, niacin, potassium, molybdenum, folate, vitamin B2, vitamin B6 and vitamin C.
Companion Plants: Companion plants helps to attract insects, pollinators and increase the productivity of crop plants. Bell peppers love to grow with basil, chives, carrot, onions, tomatoes and okra. All these plants help to boost the pepper flavor and allows for a quick harvest in small space.
Pepper Varieties: There are more than 6000 pepper varieties that can be broadly categorized into sweet peppers and hot peppers. The table below illustrates the list of pepper varieties and its specification (based on maturity, size and color).
|S. No||Pepper varieties||Specification|
|1||Annuum||White or purple color flowers|
|2||Baccatum||Yellow or green spots on flower petals|
|3||Chinese||Crinckled leaves and small white flowers with fruity scent|
|4||Frutescens||Red, yellow or orange color peppers|
|5||Pubescens||Purple flowers, thick-walled peppers|
Can I propagate peppers from cuttings?
Propagating bell pepper plants is an inexpensive and easy way to produce new hybrid varieties from cuttings. Peppers can survive for years when grown under suitable conditions and takes less time to grow peppers from cuttings than seeds. Propagating peppers can be done by using root cutting method that allows rapid growth. For this take 4-6 inches of the stem and place it in a moist peat or sand mix soil about 2 inches deep. Now place the entire setup in sunlight for 6-8 hours or maintain temperature between 60-70F. After few weeks the root develops and you can transplant it to outdoors to thrive faster.
How to grow peppers in containers?
These vibrant and spicy peppers are fun to grow in containers. Though you don’t have experience you need little patience and attention for growing conditions. They just need few factors (i.e. listed below) to grow in bulk quantities.
Choose a Variety: Like other pepper varieties green peppers thrive in heat. Buy a pack of green pepper seeds from a nursery. Pepper seeds come in different varieties and may not be available throughout the year. Choose only a healthy organic green bell pepper seeds.
Soil: Container size should be of 8-12 inches depth and has holes at the bottom to support fully grown plants. Pepper plants prefer a moist well-drain soil with pH between 5.5 and 6.5. You can also add mulch to the soil to maintain moisture levels.
Water & Sunlight: Water green peppers regularly for every 2 days depending upon weather conditions. When the plant matures and develops roots you can reduce the amount of water supply to the plants. Peppers grown in hot climates needs more water.
Bell peppers are sensitive to moisture and extreme temperatures. Best temperature to grow peppers is 65-80F. Place the container in sunlight to thrive quickly. It takes 7-10 days to germinate from seeds. When matures plant grows to a height of 3 feet tall.
Pollination: Pepper plants are self pollinated. So you no need to worry about pollination to get better fruits and improves productivity.
|S. No||Element||Deficiency symptoms|
|1||Nitrogen||Limited growth, hard & brittle leaves, only few flowers develop as fruits|
|2||Phosphorus||Yellow chlorosis spots, little fruit setting|
|3||Potassium||Leaves become yellow|
|4||Zinc||Leaves become narrow and small|
|5||Magnesium||Older leaves, Spoils interveinal areas|
|6||Calcium||Blossom end rot|
Pests & Diseases
|Blister beetles||Blossom end rot|
|Cut worms||Bacterial spot|
|Root knot nematodes||Stunt disease|
|aphids||Cercospora leaf spot|
Fertilizers: Mix organic matter such as baking soda, Epsom salt or compost manure to the soil around the base of the plant. Adding N-P-K fertilizers in the ratio of 10-10-10 also helps to retain the soil moisture. Also increase the amount calcium levels in soil by adding eggshells to deter pests-diseases problem and nutrient deficiency issues.
Harvesting: Harvest peppers when they reach desired size. Longer the bell peppers the more sweet it becomes. Use sharp knife or scissors to cut peppers from the plant. You can harvest sweet peppers after 60-90 days from sowing and 150 days for hot peppers. Place peppers protected with plastic bags in refrigerator for 10 days.
- Fertilize the plant after it develops the first fruit.
- Carefully remove the weeds around pepper plants.
- Keep children and pets (like dogs & cats) away from pepper plants.
- Avoid over watering as it may result the plant susceptible to diseases.
- Make sure the container has holes at the bottom for proper drainage.
- When the plant is young pinch off growing tips regularly to bloom faster.
- Wear gardening tools such as gloves, goggles and shoes to harvest bell peppers.
- Do not allow the bush to produce fruit for the 1st year after planting from seeds.
Cough & cold: Surprisingly spicy peppers are also a good remedy for cough and cold. The antibacterial properties of fresh peppers added with a teaspoon of honey helps to cure severe cough, elevates congestion and other viral infections.
Cancer prevention: when you are exposed to harmful UV-radiations there may be chances of effecting skin cancer. The antioxidant properties like flavonoids and carotenoids help to remove harmful free radicals and protects your body from cancers.
Digestive problems: The piperine in black pepper eases digestive problems. It stimulates the stomach by secreting hydrochloric acid to digest proteins in food faster. It also prevents the diseases related to intestine and stomach.
Weight loss: The skinny layer of pepper helps to breakdown the fats cells in your body. These breakdown components are easily processed by the body and applied to enzymatic reactions than settling in your body.
Respiratory problems: In Ayurvedic medicine pepper is added to tonics for treating respiratory problems. It completely eliminates the mucus and phlegm decompositions in respiratory tract.
Skin health: Black pepper in your diet helps to improve skin conditions. It also cures vitiligo a skin disease that cause some areas of skin to lose pigmentation and turn white. A studies shows that piperene in pepper content can stimulate the skin to produce melanocytes pigment.
Side Effects: consuming peppers or capsicum may cause side effects. It’s better to consult a doctor before the situation gets worse.
- Allergic reactions
- Food poisoning
- Difficulty for pregnant women
- Respiratory problems
- Burning sensation in stomach
Start growing bell peppers in containers that are sweet and monitors your health. If you have amazing ideas about growing peppers in your home, please share your experience with us.