It’s quite easy and fun to grow your favorite vegetables in your home. You just need a pot or large container to grow them in your garden that produces tasty veggies and brings beauty to your garden. These plants attract honeybees, butterflies, and birds for pollination. Though plants take months to years to produce veggies they need proper care by providing water, sunlight, and nutrients to the plants. Here is the list of 12 vegetables that you can grow in pots at home…..
- 1 Tomato (Solanum Lucopersicum)
- 2 Green Beans
- 3 Potatoes (Solanum Tuberosum)
- 4 Pepper
- 5 Carrot (Daucus Carota)
- 6 Onions (Allium Cepa)
- 7 Beetroot
- 8 Garlic (Allium Sativum)
- 9 Cucumbers (Cucumis Sativus)
- 10 Pumpkins (Cucurbita Pepo)
- 11 Radish (Raphanus Sativus)
- 12 Eggplant (Solanum Melongena)
- 13 Vegetables Growing Tips
Tomato (Solanum Lucopersicum)
Tomato species are originated in South and Central America. Different varieties of tomatoes are grown in different climatic conditions across the world. The plant typically grows to a height of 1-3 meters. It is used as an ingredient in many ways like dishes, sauces, salads, and drinks.
Tomatoes are a great source of vitamin C, vitamin K, folate, and potassium. It weighs approximately 100 grams and has 22 calories in it. A single tomato contains 95% of water and 5% of carbohydrates and fiber.
It also contains antioxidants like lycopene, beta-carotene, chlorogenic acid, naringenin, flavonoids that help to cure eyesight, digestive problem and skin irritations.
To grow tomatoes start planting seeds. Make sure you place the seeds in a pot and shift it to the sunny location. Use potting mix rich soil for better growth. If necessary add mulch to the soil and water regularly. After 20-30 days plant matures and produces fruits after 40-50 days of planting them in the soil. Now the plant is ready to harvest and collect juicy and reddish tomatoes.
Making tomatoes on your regular diet helps to cure…
- Heart problems
- Digestive system
- Skin Irritations
- Cancer prevention and
Consuming more than the required amounts (>30mg-lycpene in tomatoes) results in nausea, diarrhea, bloating and indigestion problems.
Also Read: How to Grow Tomato plant Indoors
Green beans are unripe and young fruit. China is the highest producer of beans about 10 million tons per year. There are more than 130 varieties of green beans and flowers are white pink or purple colored. It also grows well in Indonesia, India, Europe and American countries. They are eaten around the world and cooked, steamed, boiled and can be baked.
Green beans contain fiber, folic acid, vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin K, iron, copper, calcium, silicon, and potassium. A cup of beans or 100 grams contains 31 calories, 7 grams of carbohydrates and 0.1 gram of fat in it. It helps to prevent depression in pregnant women, cancer and improves bone health.
Choose desired bean variety and location to grow it in pots. Green beans are warm season crops. It grows well when the temperature is about 65 F to 85 F and to a height of 2 feet to 12 feet tall for the bush type to pole type. They require well-drained soil and watered thoroughly. Maturity time depends on the type of variety. When the bean is harvested young before the seed develops in it is called a snap bean. You can harvest beans after 50-60 days from seed sprouting.
The antioxidant properties of green beans help to cure…
- Weight loss
- Cardiovascular diseases
- Improves immune system
Potatoes (Solanum Tuberosum)
Potatoes are highly cultivated in India, China, Europe, Scotland, Chile, America, and Bolivia. The importance of potato is varied and changing rapidly. It grows to a height of 24 inches and tends to have white, blue, red or purple flowers with yellow stamens, fruiting, and tuber formation. Potatoes are cross-pollinated by insects such as bumblebees that carry pollen to other plants.
Potatoes are good for fiber, iron, vitamin B6, vitamin C, potassium, fats, sodium and cholesterol free. 100 grams (77 calories) of potato contains 86% of carbohydrates, 11% of proteins and 3% of fats.
Pick right potatoes according to the growth period. Early seed potatoes mature in 60-110 days and main crop potatoes in 125-140 days. Use potatoes to cultivate. Now prepare the soil that has enough nutrients in it and weed free. They thrive in well-drained loose fertile soil with pH between 5.0 – 5.5. Plants need consistent moisture and water the plant regularly. Maintain the temperature of 45-80 F. It grows up to 15 inches tall. Harvesting depends upon the type of potato you have planted. Early seasoned potatoes take 60-70 days to mature and 90 days for late seasoned.
Consuming potatoes reduces the risk of health problems such as…
- Skin problems
- Blood pressure
- Metabolic activities
- Brain functioning and nervous system
Pepper plants are wrinkled with green leaves and white flowers. Vietnam has the major contribution in producing peppers and then followed by Indonesia, India, and Brazil. It is mainly used in all varieties of sauce, salads, chicken curries and many other dishes.
Fresh or raw peppers are composed of 92% of water and remaining in carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. It is also rich in vitamin C, vitamin A, vitamin E, vitamin B6, vitamin K, potassium, and folate.
Purchase a variety of pepper seeds from store or market. Generally, prefer organic green pepper seeds to grow in your home. Now place the seeds in a pot containing soil. After few weeks seedlings appear and it has the ability to absorb moisture and nutrients from the soil. Expose the seedlings to sunlight and water a little. It prefers warm sunlight and temperature about 70 F. They may vary in height from 1-3 feet. Harvest peppers when they reach the desired shape. Use sharp knife or scissors to cut peppers from the plant.
Peppers have powerful antioxidants that help to cure…
- Burns fat
- Lowers cholesterol
- Improve eye health
Carrot (Daucus Carota)
It is a root vegetable usually orange in color. These are native to Europe and southwestern Asia. It has high quantities of alpha, beta-carotene and eating carrots help to improve vision. They are used in the prepared salads, sweets and cuisines and smoothies.
Carrot contains 86-95% of water, 10% of carbohydrates, very little fat and proteins. Raw carrot (61 grams) contains 25 calories with 4 grams of digestive carbohydrates. It is also rich vitamin A, vitamin K, vitamin B6, Biotin, and potassium.
To grow the carrot in a pot or large container, select the desired variety to grow. Pour well-drained potting mix soil into the container and add fertilizers if necessary. Make a hole in the soil and place seeds into it with 3-4 inches apart. Optimum temperature to grow carrots is 60-75 F. Seeds germinate when they reach a height of 25 mm. Now cover the roots with the additional medium when they are exposed to sunlight. After 2 to 2.5 months plants grow to a height of 12 inches and are ready to harvest depending on the variety.
Carrot containing proteins, minerals, and vitamins helps to prevent…
- Lung cancer
- Blood pressure
- Diabetes and
- Improves Vision
Also Read: Carrots – How about Planting, Growing and Harvesting Carrots
Onions (Allium Cepa)
It is a perennial plant and harvested in its first growing season. They grow well in the spring season. It has hollow bluish-green leaves and swells at the base of the plant. It has leafless flower stalks that grow to a height of 2-6 feet. The temperature should be 68-75 F.
Onions are cultivated and used all over the world as the food item in preparing savory dishes, pickles and eaten raw. When they are chopped releases a toxin that is harmful to your eyes.
Onions are low in calories and fats. 100gms (40 calories in it) of fresh onions contains 89% water, 9% carbohydrates and 2% fiber and fats. They also contain B-complex, vitamin C, manganese, folic acid, chromium, quercetin, and pyridoxine to prevent skin problems.
Before starting, you must know when and where to grow onions. Prepare the soil for the plant to yield by maintaining pH between 6.0 & 7.5. Dig holes in the soil and spacing about 4-6 inches apart. As they begin to grow, you can transplant them and space further apart. Maintain the temperature about 68 F and water regularly.
When they mature, top becomes yellow and begin to fall. Make sure you harvest onion in late summer and allow it dry for few weeks before you store them in a particular area.
The antioxidant property of onions helps to improve…
- Skin and hair
- Immune system
- Bone density in women
- Regulate sugar levels
- Reduce Prostate cancer
It is the taproot portion of the beet plant. It is highly cultivated in North America, Europe, Poland, Ukraine, and India. The green leafy vegetable is also edible. Young leaves are added to the salads and have a good taste similar to spinach. They are used in sauces, desserts, jams, jellies, ice creams, sweets, in breakfast cereals and in the coloring of flavored dishes.
A cup (136 grams) of beets contains 43 calories, 10 grams of carbohydrates, 7 grams of sugar and 2 grams of proteins. Beetroots are a great source of fiber, folate, manganese, potassium, iron, vitamin C. it also contains the antioxidants like betacyanin, betalain helps to prevent the diseases like cancer and heart diseases.
Select either seeds or seedlings to grow indoors. Choose a location or suitable space with moist fertile soil with acidity between 6.5 & 7.0 and temperature about 50-85 F. Now place the seeds or seedlings in a pot. When seedlings reach 2 inches. height remove the weaker ones to ensure the growth. When it grows to a height of 5 inches. you can transfer it to the sunny spot and water regularly. Use organic fertilizers to supply nitrogen to the plants. Over-fertilizing may result in large leaves and small roots. To overcome this problem, reduce the usage of this fertilizer or shift to fertilizers with low nitrogen levels. Beets are ready to harvest when they attain moderate size.
The antioxidants like betacyanin, betalain in beetroots help to…
- Lowers blood pressure
- Boost stamina
- Liver & brain issues
- Benefits pregnant women
Also Read: How to Grow Beet Root Plants Indoors
Garlic (Allium Sativum)
Garlic plant is similar to onions, chives, and shallot. It is native to Central Asia, Iran, and Egypt countries. It grows to a height of 4 feet and produces hermaphrodite flowers. The plant can be pollinated by bees and other insects. It can be used for both food flavoring and traditional medicine.
It is an excellent source of manganese, vitamin B6, vitamin B1, vitamin C, copper, selenium, calcium. Sulfur compounds in garlic serve as spotlight nutrients in terms of overall health. 100 grams of garlic contains 149 calories, 33 grams of carbohydrates, 6 grams of proteins and free from fats & cholesterol.
Choose a garlic bulb that is suitable for growing in a pot. Use potting mix soil and gardening sand at 3:1 ratio. Separate the cloves of garlic and place cloves 4-6 inch deep into the soil. Place the entire setup in sunlight for 8 hours a day and maintain 50 F temperature. Water the cloves and make sure the pot has enough drainage system. Harvest garlic after 8-10 months from planting before they begin to turn yellow and die.
Garlic can be used as a powerful medicine for treating…
- Blood purifier
- Cold and cough
- Skin irritations and hair loss
- Bone health
- Heart problems
Also Read: Best way to Grow Endless Supply of Garlic from Cloves
Cucumbers (Cucumis Sativus)
They are originated from South Asia and grow well in China, Turkey, Iran, Russia, and Ukraine. It has large leaves and fruit is typically cylindrical in shape. Flowers are pollinated and may develop near the stem end and at the blossom end.
A cucumber (45 calories) has 75% of carbohydrates, 25% of proteins and fat-free. It contains the nutrients like vitamin A, vitamin B12, vitamin C, vitamin K, potassium, magnesium, Pantothenic acid, phosphorus, and calcium.
Cucumbers need warm and fertile soil with a pH of 6.0 to 6.8. Add organic fertilizer or composted manure to the soil. Now choose hybrid seeds and place them in a pot or large container about (1/2) inch deep. Water thoroughly and place it in sunlight for better growth. Seed germinates within 3 days at 80-90 F. When the seedlings reach a height of 2-3 inches removes weak plants. Allow the remaining plants to grow to a height of 10 inches. Harvest cucumber before it gets too large as it tastes bitter.
Eating cucumber results in several health benefits such as…
- Weight loss
- Muscle and joint pains
- Stabilizes blood pressure
Also Read: How to Grow Cucumbers in Pots
Pumpkins (Cucurbita Pepo)
Pumpkin is a winter squash plant. It grows well in Australia, Mexico, New Zealand, Canada, and America. They are grown worldwide for its variety of uses ranging from agricultural to commercial and ornamentals.
It is a good source of thiamin, niacin, vitamin B6, folate, pantothenic acid and low in saturated fats, cholesterol, and sodium. Beta-carotene antioxidant in pumpkin helps to prevent cancer and heart disease.
Choose the best season to plant pumpkins in your yard. Use well-drained fertile soil and plant the seeds (2/3) directly into the ground (rows). Cover the seeds with compost and within a week seed sprouts. Water and fertilize the plants when the soil moisture is low. Control weeds and pests using organic methods. They grow well in warm conditions at a temperature of 50-65 F. Once they mature it requires 90-120 days to reach harvest.
Pumpkin contains several antioxidants that help to reduce…
- Blood pressure
- Eye health
- Fertility in women
- Better sleep
Radish (Raphanus Sativus)
Radish is an edible root vegetable and is native to Europe. They have numerous varieties varying in size, flavor, and color. Radishes are grown and consumed throughout the world and eaten raw as a crunchy salad vegetable and in oil production.
It contains riboflavin, folate, fiber, potassium, copper, vitamin B6, magnesium, and calcium. 100 grams of radish contains 16 calories, fewer proteins and with no cholesterol and fats.
Radishes germinate and grow quickly. To grow radish, start growing from seed indoors. Sow the seeds about (1/2) inch deep into the soil and spacing about a foot. Water and fertilize the plant to keep them away from pests and diseases. They are ready to harvest when roots are about 1-inch diameter. Clean your radishes and store them in a cool, dark place for 2 weeks. Wash them with water before using.
Radish contains the compounds like riboflavin and folate to cure…
- Urinary disorders
- Weight loss
- Respiratory problems
Eggplant (Solanum Melongena)
Egg plant (Brinjal) is highly cultivated in the countries like North America, Australia, India, England, Africa and New Zealand. It is widely used in cooking. Flowers are white to purple colored & yellow stamens. It grows 1 to 5 feet tall with large coarsely lobed leaves.
100 grams contains 25 calories in it. It is a good source of vitamin K, thiamine, vitamin B6, folate, potassium, and manganese. It is high in dietary fiber, sodium, and calories that come from sugars.
Purchase small pots growing for growing eggplants from seeds. Eggplants require a temperature of 55 F and soil should be the type of moist and well drained. Place the pot containing seeds in sunlight for 8 hours per day. Water your seeds and thin seedling by removing small leaves. Once they reach 15 centimeters you can transplant it to outdoors (sunlight for pollination). Add liquid fertilizers for every 2-3 weeks to keep pests away from plants. It is ready to harvest when fruit stops growing larger and after 2-3 months of planting your seeds.
Making brinjal in your diet helps to prevent…
- cancer prevention
- weight loss
- bone health
- brain function
Also Read: How to Grow Purple Eggplants in your Pots
Vegetables Growing Tips
To grow healthy vegetables in your home, proper plant care must be taken. Here are few growing tips that help your vegetable plants to grow effectively.
- Water the plant early morning or evening time to prevent from evaporation.
- Avoid overwatering the vegetable plants as it may result in the plant to root rot.
- Wear gloves, face masks and goggles while fertilizing and harvesting the vegetables.
- Follow the instructions & warning labels on seed covers, fertilizers before utilizing them.
- All these plants should receive sunlight for a minimum of 6-8 hours a day to thrive when placed in pots.
- When the plants mature to a certain height, transplant it to outdoors and fertilize the plants once in every 3 months with organic matter.
- Keep children and pets like dogs & cats away from plants as they chew the plant leaves and spoil the growth (damaging fruiting).
- Add organic mulches at the base of these plants to suppress weed, maintain moisture levels and keep soil temperatures cool during the hot season.
- Make sure the pot has enough holes at the bottom for air circulation purpose and to drain water completely when you start growing vegetable plants from seeds or by cuttings.
- After harvesting vegetables wash them with warm water and can store in the refrigerator for 7 days without any spoilage.
- When the plant is young pinch off growing tips regularly to bloom faster and also prune the top of leaf bud plants in winter or spring season before it establishes a new growth.
Try to grow these vegetables in your home that benefits your health and keeps surrounding hygiene. If you have amazing ideas regarding growing vegetables indoors, please share your experience with us.